Non Lucrative Visa Spain

If you want to live in Spain, but don’t have an employer who hires you you still can get a Non Lucrative Visa.

In this post we will explain step by step how to obtain the non lucrative visa.

This residency permit will allow you to settle with your family in Spain by demonstrating the availability of sufficient economic means.

Visa NameNon Lucrative Visa Spain
Description:Residence permit to live in Spain without working or investing in the country.
Duration of the permit1 year
Time to get acceptance1 month
Main RequirementDemonstrating sufficient economic means to leave in the country, certifying the availability of a non-working monthly income (eg. pension) that satisfies the minimum financial requirements. 

If you want to make sure you submit your application successfully, contact us. We can give you personalised advice based on the particularities of your case

Non Lucrative visa requirements

The requirements for the non lucrative residence permit are laid down in Article 46 of the Foreigner Regulations.

The no lucrative visa requirements are the following:

  • Sufficient economic means
  • Absence of criminal record
  • Not having an entry ban in the Schengen Territory
  • Not to be irregularly in Spanish Soil
  • Having a Private Health Insurance

Sufficient Economic Means

The main requirement to get the Non Lucrative Visa in Spain is to have enough economic means to stay in the country.

You must have sufficient funds to cover your maintenance and stay expenses, including, if applicable, those of your family, during the period of time for which you wish to reside in Spain, without the need to carry out any work or professional activity.

Proof of funds is the core requirement to obtain the non-lucrative visa in Spain. In order to be elegible for a Non Lucrative visa in Spain, the Spanish Government dictates that you must prove having the following income:

  • Monthly Income of 2151,36€
  • Monthly Income of +537,84€ for each family member in your care.

Not to be irregularly in Spanish territory

Not to be irregularly in Spanish territory: The vast majority of residence permits must be applied for at the country of origin. The application begins in the country where the foreigner resides and not in Spain. In this case, the temporary non-lucrative residence authorization is not the exception and therefore, it must be applied for in the foreigner’s country of origin / residence.

Absence of criminal record

If the applicant is of legal age, he/she must have no criminal record both in Spain and in the countries where he/she has previously resided during the last 5 years, for crimes foreseen in the Spanish legislation. The lack of a criminal record in Spain will be checked by the corresponding Government Delegation or Sub-delegation through the reports of the General Directorate of the Police, the Civil Guard and the Central Penitentiary Register.  On the other hand, the lack of criminal records in the country of origin or in those where the foreigner has resided within the last 5 years must be demonstrated through the corresponding criminal record certificate

Not having an entry ban to the Schengen territory.

Not to appear as rejectable in the territorial space of countries with which Spain has signed an agreement in this sense. This requirement basically translates into not having an entry ban in the countries that make up the Schengen territory, of which Spain is a part. According to article 58 of the Aliens Act, any expulsion (deportation) entails a ban on entry (normally 3 to 5 years, but in exceptional cases it can last 10 years).

Therefore, if the applicant has previously been expelled from a member country of the Schengen territory and the entry ban is still in force, that foreigner will not comply with this requirement and will not be able to obtain non-profit residence. Entry bans are recorded in a database called SIRENE (Supplementary Information Request at the National Entries), through which the authorities of the countries forming part of the Schengen territory can verify whether an entry ban is still in force.

The problem is that years of entry bans have often passed, but the foreigner’s data have not been removed from the database, with the result that his application for non-profit residence is unfairly rejected. In order to avoid what is indicated in the previous paragraph, it is best to request the right of access to the aforementioned database. If your data is still erroneously included, you must request the deletion because the entry ban is no longer in force. 

Private health insurance.

You must have private health insurance arranged with an insurance company authorised to operate in Spain.

Health insurance is a very important requirement. Therefore, this insurance must provide coverage equivalent to that provided by the Spanish National Public Health System for the entire duration of the residence, in aspects such as: Health care, diagnostic tests, surgical intention and hospitalization. It is also recommended that the insurance be free of copayment (also known as deductible or excess).

They are not within the period of commitment not to return to Spain that the foreigner has assumed when voluntarily returning to their country of origin. Voluntary return is “determined by the person who returns to live in their country of origin” (LID Dictionary of Immigration and Aliens). Normally, the foreigner who returns voluntarily does so because of some incentive foreseen in some return plan designed by the Spanish authorities. For example, receive the unemployment benefit (colloquially called “unemployment”) through a single payment if the foreigner decides to return to his country of origin.

These voluntary return schemes are accompanied by non-return commitments, which usually last for 3 years. As a result, foreigners who have availed themselves of one of these plans will not be able to obtain a non-profit residence for the duration of the non-return commitment.

Not to suffer from any of the diseases

That may have serious public health repercussions in accordance with the provisions of the International Health Regulations of 2005.

The way to obtain the certificate demonstrating compliance with this requirement may vary depending on the country in which the Spanish diplomatic mission or consular office is located. However, it is customary for the applicant to go to any doctor so that he or she can certify that his or her patient does not suffer from any of the diseases that may have public health repercussions.

Many embassies and consulates have a pre-established model of this proof. Therefore, it is advisable to find out from these bodies whether they have this model so that the examining physician can use it that way.

If you would like to read more about diseases that may have public health implications, you will find more information at the following link: International Health Regulations 2005.

To have paid the non-profit residency fee

The fee for an initial temporary residence permit is 10.61 euros. However, as the temporary non-profit residence begins in the country where the foreigner resides, this fee will be paid in the legal tender of that country.

Steps to get the non lucrative visa

Everything related to the procedure for obtaining the initial non-lucrative visa is regulated in article 49 of the Foreigners Regulations. This procedure can be summarized as follows:

  1. Application for non-lucrative visa before the Spanish diplomatic mission or consular office; The form to be used for the application for temporary non-profit residence is model Ex-01.
  2. Decision on the authorisation of non-profit visa by the Government Delegation or Sub-delegation;
  3. Decision on the non-lucrative residence visa by the Spanish diplomatic mission or consular post;
  4. Collection of the visa at the Spanish consular post.
  5. Entry into Spanish territory and;
  6. Application for the Foreigner Identity Card.

Required documents to obtain the Non Lucrative Visa

Based on Article 48.2 of the foreigners Regulations, the application must be accompanied by these documents:

  • Valid passport or travel document, recognized as valid in Spain, with a minimum validity of 1 year.
  • Criminal record certificate, or equivalent document, if the applicant is of legal age, issued by the authorities of the country of origin or of the countries where he/she has resided in the last 5 years.
  • Documentation accrediting that sufficient economic means are available, as studied in point 5.2.
  • Documentation demonstrating that you have a private or public health insurance taken out with an insurance company authorized to operate in Spain.
  • Medical certificate that proves that you do not suffer from any of the diseases that may have serious public health repercussions in accordance with the International Health Regulations of 2005.

How long does it take for the Government Delegation to decide?

In accordance with Article 48.4 of the Foreigner Regulations, the Government Delegation or Sub-delegation must decide within a maximum period of 1 month from receipt of the request.

If the month passes without the Government Delegation or Sub-delegation having pronounced on the authorisation of temporary non-lucrative visa, the application will be understood as rejected, in other words, the negative administrative silence operates.

Once the diplomatic mission or consular post has notified the granting of the visa, the applicant must collect the visa in person within a maximum period of one month.

If the applicant does not collect the visa within this period, the visa granted will be deemed to have been surrendered and it will be archived.

What happens if your application for non lucrative visa is denied

The grounds on which the consular post may refuse a non-lucrative visa application are:

  • When the fulfillment of the requirements indicated in the previous point is not accredited;
  • When false documents have been presented or inaccurate allegations have been made, or there is bad faith and;
  • When there is a cause for inadmissibility to a legally foreseen procedure that had not been assessed at the time of receipt of the application.

The ground for refusal indicated in the third point must be concatenated with the established in the Foreigners Act, since said Act provides the reasons for inadmissibility of applications in matters relating to foreigners. These are:

  • Lack of legitimacy of the applicant, or insufficient accreditation of representation;
  • Submission of the application outside the legally established time limit;
  • Repetition of an application that has already been rejected, provided that the circumstances that led to the rejection have not changed;
  • When there is an administrative sanctioning procedure against the applicant in which expulsion may be proposed or when an expulsion order has been issued against the applicant, unless the expulsion order has been revoked;
  • When the applicant is prohibited from entering Spain;
  • In the case of manifestly unfounded applications;
  • When they refer to foreigners who are in Spain in an irregular situation and;
  • When the request is not made personally and such circumstance is required by law.

In the event that your application is inadmissible or denied, you may contact us. We will help you as expert foreign lawyers by challenging this decision through the interposition of the corresponding administrative and judicial appeals.

Non Lucrative Visa in Spain FAQs

HOW DO I DEMONSTRATE THE POSSESSION OF ENOUGH ECONOMIC FUNds?

You have to show that you have 400% of the IPREM in your bank account annually. The IPREM is 537,84 € for a month for this year 2021.

HOW LONG DOES IT TAKE TO GET A NON LUCRATIVE VISA FOR SPAIN?

It may take the Spanish authorities up to three months to process your application for a non-lucrative residency visa. If the Spanish authorities in your country accept a number of applications for Spain, while most countries handle the visa from two to five weeks, so the processing can be extended to three months.

IS IT POSSIBLE TO SUBMIT A NEW NON LUCRATIVE VISA APPLICATION IF THE FIRST ON GOT REJECTED?

We strongly advise against submitting another application without the help of a specialised legal team, that advises you along the process.

COULD I APPLY FOR A NON LUCRATIVE VISA IF MY FAMILY IS ALREADY IN SPAIN AND THEY HAVE ENOUGH FUND TO SUPPORT ME?

Yes! If your family has got enough funds to support you, you should be able to apply for a Non Lucrative Visa. Nevertheless, you could also look into other options for obtaining a residency permit, like for example Familiar Arraigo.

I ‘M DREAMING ABOUT MOVING FROM THE UK TO SPAIN IN A FEW YEARS AND COULD HAVE SAVINGS OF AROUND £ 100,000. WILL I BE ABLE TO GET A NON LUCRATIVE VISA?

The answer is yes, you will comfortably get your non-lucrative visa as you keep a sum that is over 400 percent of the IPREM. Additionally, for that number, you may also make a joint request for your relatives.

MAY I APPLY FOR A NON LUCRATIVE VISA FROM SPAIN (AND STAY WHILE 
I WAIT) IF I’VE BEEN ON A STUDENT VISA FOR 3 CONSECUTIVE YEARS?

No, you can’t, really. You will have to leave the country first and begin the non-lucrative visa process from abroad.

83 thoughts on “Non Lucrative Visa Spain”

  1. Can I apply for a non lucrative visa for example for 2021, not renew in 2022 and then apply again in 2023. My tax position is that I can not become tax resident in Spain but would like to spend more than 90 days out of 180 days in Spain

    Reply
    • Hi Amanda. Thank you for reaching out. That’s a good question indeed. First of all, the non lucrative visa requires you to stay a minimum of 183 days in the country. This basically means that you will have to pay income tax on your worldwide income. Nevertheless, keep in mind that there are double taxation agreements. These will prevent you from paying twice for the same income if it was generated in another country but also paid in Spain.
      Finally it’s possible for you not to renew your visa at the end of 2021 and then reapplying in 2023, but the likelihood of your application getting rejected is higher. Why not just renew it in 2021?

      Reply
  2. Hi, Please can you let me know if it would be possible for me to reside with, my son and daughter in law who live in Lanzarote as I am semi retired at the moment. I am almost 69 years and my family wish me to live with them. I have a small dog walking business in the UK so am quite fit and healthy. I have no criminal record. Also how much much would I need to have.

    Thank you so much in advance.

    Catherine Williams

    Reply
  3. If our application got accepted, we will get one year temporary visa? and newable every year?
    2. Starting second year, can we take Spain’s public health insurance?
    3. After 5 years, can we get permanent residency? and eventually get citizenship?

    Reply
  4. Hi. I would like to apply for a NLV in September 2021 and I meet all of the financial criteria. I would then bring my kids to Spain and put them in private school where they would live with their mum. I currently work in Asia and need to work there for another 4 years before retiring. Do I need to live in Spain for a minimum of 183 days in order to maintain the visa ? Thanks, Stephen

    Reply
  5. I wish to retire and live in Spain. I have £150,000 in savings and an Army pension of £1,100 a month. I have no criminal offences in the last 10 years +, and no diseases. i can also pay for the private health insurance. I have a modest property to sell and i have a couple of questions.
    1. if my visa is approved how long is it valid for before it runs out once i have collected it. (i don’t know how long it will take to sell my property.)
    2. I am aware that if i do not use the money from my property sale to buy in Spain, i will have to pay capital gains tax, how long do you have to buy in Spain before you have to pay capital gains.
    3. If you pay capital gains in UK do you have to pay it in Spain as well.
    4 What are the rules of i don’t want to buy a property in Spain but want to rent instead as far as capital gains is concerned. Thanks.

    Reply
  6. Hi. Great article.
    I am South African and I am living in the Philippines on a temp visa. My wife is Filipino. We (whole family) wish to obtain Non-lucrative Visa as a family (me as main applicant). Is it possible for me to apply for non-lucrative visa at the Spanish consulate in Philippines, or do we have to do it in my home country (South Africa)

    Reply
  7. Hi.
    I was just refused a Non-lucrative residency visa. I am in need of a visa because I am going to play semi-professional soccer in Madrid. I will not be earning any income due to the fact that the team is semi-professional and not professional yet. I am devastated because now I do not know what to do and I am not able to go to Spain to play. I am unsure of the appeal process and I do not know if I should try to apply for a different visa. I am hoping for some help!

    Thank you

    Reply
  8. I wish to relocate to Spain permanently. It was planned to marry my Spanish fiancee there in 2020, but travel bans prevented this so I’m looking to marry her in Spain in 2021.

    I think the marriage would help to get residencia, but not entirely sure, although I would prefer to apply in my own right,

    The non lucrative visa seems appropriate for me! I will have around 100,000 euros in my UK bank and a pension income of around 13,000 euros a year. I have no criminal record.

    Is my situation sufficient for the non lucrative visa?

    Reply
  9. Hello. I am a little confused as to the timing of when to apply. I was intending to submit the application for non-lucrative visa just within three months before the date that we would like to enter Spain. I have read some conflicting advice and some websites say you should submit at least 3 months in advance. As incorrect timing of the application seems to be a grounds for refusal I want to be sure about this.
    The other question is whether being able to prove an address you are going to reside at in Spain is a requirement. We are intending to travel around in our camper van for the first few months and then to find somewhere to rent for say 6 months once we are in Spain. I understand that this may be acceptable and that we should explain our intentions in a statement submitted with the application – is this correct?
    thank you for your assistance
    Molly

    Reply
  10. Hello.
    I was wondering if someone here could call me to discuss the process for NLV.
    We intend to make the permanent move to Spain in early 2021.
    We also need to understand the position with paying Capital Gains Tax in Spain on the sale of your UK property.
    Looking forward to speaking to you.
    Tel No 07962 611736
    Regards
    Ian

    Reply
  11. On the “National Visa” application in box “22” it asks the number of entries. What do we put if we are applying for the non-lucrative visa? Would it be one, two or more than two?

    Reply
  12. Hello,
    I have a question about the NLV. One of the requirements is to have some kind of income which staying in Spain. I want to volunteer at a yoga retreat that will provide for my food and shelter. Do I still need proof of income? If so what is considered an income?

    Reply
  13. Hi, we have owned a property in Spain since December 2018 and we want to spend more the 90 days currently allowed. Would this 12 month non lucrative visa be suitable for us? If so we would like more information.
    Many thanks
    Helen

    Reply
  14. Hello

    Could I speak to you about understanding our position with paying Capital Gains Tax in Spain on the sale of your UK property.
    Looking forward to speaking to you.

    Thanks

    Chris

    Reply
  15. Hi we are wanting to apply for the NLV but would like to ask the costs of your company applying on our behalf and when we would be the best time to apply as we are booked to travel by ferry on June 28th 2021 if the Borders are open.
    We are of retirement age but still have a family ran business in the uk.
    We have property in Spain and wish to spend most of the year there. We believe we qualify for the requirements of the visa including Spanish healthcare

    Thank You

    Reply
  16. Hi,
    My daughter, son-in-law and grandchildren have just got their first residency in Spain, they live in Mallorca.
    Because of the Brexit 90/180 rules, I am starting to contemplate trying to get my residency. As far as I can see, the only visa that would apply to me would be the NLV.
    I am not sure how much monthly income I would have to prove, also I read that if you are over 65 you do not pay capital gains tax on the sale of a UK property, is this correct? I would need to sell my property to fund my move.
    Please could you help me with any information that may be relevant.
    Many thanks.

    Reply
  17. Hello. Me and my partner are looking to move to Spain from the UK via non lucrative visa. We have the application forms but need help with the process. We will have funds of approx £100000

    Reply
  18. I have a yacht moored in a Spanish Marina.
    Prior to Brexit I would spend most of the year on board.
    Would I be able to get the non lucrative visa so this can continue
    I’m retired with a monthly £2,500 pension so do not need to work

    Reply
    • Hi Thomas, one of our lawyers should be in contact with you shortly for your visa no lucrative.

      Greetings

      Reply
  19. We are looking to apply for a non Lucrative visa and if it is successful we will then sell our house in the UK and move to Spain. Will we pay Capital gains tax on the UK house sale?
    We already own a house in Montejaque and will be moving into that house so not reinvesting our money from the UK house sale. Thank you

    Reply
    • Hi Nicola, one of our lawyers should be in contact with you shortly for your visa no lucrative.

      Greetings

      Reply
  20. If our application got accepted, we will get one year temporary visa, renewable twice each for two more years?
    1.How many days is the minimum requirement to spend in Spain years 2-5 is it the 183 days like year 1 or more?
    2. Starting second year, can we take Spain’s public health insurance?
    3. After 5 years, can we get permanent residency? and eventually get citizenship?

    Reply
  21. Hey,

    Thanks for the advice here. I have an appointment with the Spanish Embassy in London on 26th March for a non-lucrative work visa application. I have some documentation already and I’m in the process of collecting the other documents needed for the appointment.

    What would be the rough price of your legal services to help me with my application please?

    Thanks,

    Reply
  22. HI, can I work remotely for a UK company on an non lucrative visa, and what are the tax implications for both myself and my employer?

    Reply
    • Hi Suzie,

      one of our lawyers should be in contact with you shortly for your questions of Non lucrative visa

      Greetings

      Regards

      Reply
  23. Hi all,
    I’m looking to move to Barcelona. I work remotely for a US-based startup and would like to continue to do so. I have enough money saved (currently in stocks and bonds). Does this meet the “sufficient economic means”, or do I have to sell my stocks and hold it as cash for 12 months?
    Jon

    Reply
    • Hi Jon,

      one of our lawyers should be in contact with you shortly for your questions about non lucrative visa

      Greetings

      Reply
  24. Hello we are looking to move to Spain in about 3 years.

    1) Can i pay someone to run my business in the UK whilst living in Spain (where would the tax be paid if its UK based?) If i packed it in and moved it to Spain would i show on the business plan my last years earnings or would i still have to enter with enough funds for me, my husband and my daughter (she will be 5) I am an online retailer and also a childrens party and school educator with animals.

    2) We own a house in the UK. We are thinking to rent for a while in case we change our minds. Can i rent out my UK property whilst renting in Spain would i have to pay tax on that income in Spain?. If we decide to sell up and buy a property in Spain do we have to pay gains tax or will it go against the property we buy.

    3) My husband has diabetes how does health care work for employed, self employed?

    Reply
    • Hi Kim,

      one of our lawyers should be in contact with you shortly for your questions about NLV in 2021

      Greetings

      Reply
  25. Good Morning
    We are in the process of applying for a non-lucrative visa. All seemed ok until I looked into the situation with our vehicle. We have a UK registered camper van (self converted). Our plan was to travel in our vehicle for the duration of our stay in Spain, perhaps renting a property to use as a base for a period. I am aware that my husband who would be driving would be required to exchange his UK driving licence for a Spanish one after 6 months of driving in Spain and this may require a test, which he was/is prepared to do as we hope to extend the visa for a further 2 – 4 years after the initial year.
    I have however read that as we would be technically ‘residents’ albeit on a temporary visa, he would not be able to drive our UK registered vehicle in Spain. We had planned to bring the vehicle back to the UK for a couple of weeks each year to get the MOT done and to comply with the UK requirements of not driving for longer than 12 months outside UK.
    If we get the visa and drive to Spain in our van do we have a grace period which he can drive our UK vehicle (6 months like driving on his UK licence) before it becomes a problem or is it a problem as soon as we register our residency in Spain, which I understand we would have to do within one month of arriving.
    Thanks for your assistance
    Molly

    Reply
    • Hi Molly,

      one of our lawyers should be in contact with you shortly for your questions about your visa no lucrative.

      Greetings

      Reply
  26. Hi – my wife and I are hoping to move to Spain to live in the very near future. Would we be allowed to use an Annex of the house as self catering accommodation to supplement my private pension on a non lucrative visa?.

    Regards
    Chris

    Reply
  27. Hi there. Must a person apply at consulate in their home country (where they live at moment?) Or can they simply connect with you and go from there? Residing in Canada

    Reply
  28. If we apply for a visa whilst selling our UK property,should the visa come through before the sale has completed would we have to pay Spanish capital gains tax,or would we be ok until entry into Spain

    Reply
  29. Hi,I meet all the financial requirements for the nlv however I have type 2 diabetes and keep being turned down for private health care.does this mean it’s impossible for me to get the visa or is there anything else I can do
    Thanks

    Reply
    • Hi Sonja,

      one of our lawyers should be in contact with you shortly for your questions for the Non Lucrative visa in 2021

      Greetings

      Reply
    • Hi Gaynor,

      one of our lawyers should be in contact with you shortly for your questions about NLV

      Greetings

      Reply
  30. I understand that in order to maintain NLV I have live in Spain 183 days/year. Question – should it be 183 consecutive days or I can brake this into 2 or 3 parts? I have a rental business in CA (main income source) and in case of any issues, i have to come back to CA for few days/month. Please advice.

    Reply
  31. Hi
    I am quite interested in NLV Visa. I have been in Spain more than 1 years and I want to comeback for staying. I feel NLV Visa is quite suitable for me
    Please contact me via Whatsap: +84.966.580.589

    Thank you

    Reply
  32. Can the application for the Non-Lucrative Visa be submitted while in Spain? I am in Los Angeles and having a super difficult time with the local consulate because they are unresponsive – curious if its possible to submit in Spain instead.

    Reply
  33. Hi, I have been residing in Spain and have had my TIE pre-brexit application rejected. I’m planning an appeal but want to progress NLV as well. I have an annual income from a company I work for in UK in excess of £100K, could I perhaps discuss the process with you and see if I meet requirements. I plan on having a split life between UK and Spain however majority of my time will be in Spain

    Reply
    • Hi Richard,

      one of our lawyers should be in contact with you shortly for your questions about NLV.

      Greetings

      Reply
  34. Hi we have applied for our police record and medical records July 2021, and wanted to ensure our paperwork was ready before our consular appointment. (We want to move to Spain by end October 2021). However we today applied for a consular appointment to be told the earliest is after 9/9/21! We are now concerned our visa will not be ready in time, especially as we are renting our uk house out and need time to organise this! Is the lag in appointment time like this normal? How quickly will they turn it around?

    Reply
    • Hi Pamela,

      one of our lawyers should be in contact with you shortly for your questions about non lucrative visa.

      Greetings

      Reply
  35. I want to apply for a nlv
    To Spain l have my NIE already which l got 10 yrs back now as l am retired want to go back and live in Spain
    I have a rental income of 1800 in the UK and my pension £500 is it enough and how much does a NLVisa cost

    Reply
    • Hi Zareena,

      one of our lawyers should be in contact with you shortly for your questions about NLV.

      Kind regards

      Reply
  36. Hi…

    So I currently work in the UK for a multi-national company. If I am working in the UK, can I apply for a non-lucrative visa to stay in Spain? I have an NIE, Spanish bank account, and have multi-national private health, already.
    Thanks
    Andy

    Reply
  37. Hi

    I have read that to apply for an NLV you have to have a required income of 27,000 euros for the main applicant plus 7,000 for the spouse for the first year but then the income doubles up for year 2 and 3 and again for years 4 and 5, is this correct? Also do you have to just maintain this income balance in a bank account for each of the qualifying years or does it have to be proved by monthly income coming into the account for each of the qualifying years? Also for how many years do you have to prove you have valid private health insurance before either applying for an S1 or Spanish Health cover? Thanks.

    Reply

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